Tattoo Removal Technology

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Tattoo removal lasers shatter the pigment of the tattoo, which is dispersed through the skin and carried away by cells of your own immune system.

The Q-Switched laser has produced the best results. Q-Switched means that the laser is very quickly pulsed this is why it is able to dissolve the tattoo ink without destroying the skin. Photo Derm or multi light systems may fade the tattoo but will almost certainly leave a scar because the pulse duration is too long which in turn will cause thermal damage to the surrounding skin. The only visible damage is absorbed by the ink.

Because light is absorbed by its opposite color and reflects its own color it is necessary to use a green light to remove red ink as it is necessary to use red light to remove green ink. The color of a tattoo will determine what laser or a light color is necessary to dissolve and remove a tattoo. The depth & density of the ink is probably the biggest determining factor involved in successfully removing a tattoo. After each treatment the laser fragments more ink and penetrates a little deeper into your skin, blistering and scabbing often follow. Some tattoos disappear in one treatment, and others requiring 12 or more treatments for complete removal.

Why is a tattoo so difficult to remove?

The tattoo pigment injected into the lower layers of skin (the dermis) becomes sealed away by a tough network of collagen fibres. It is very difficult to remove the tattoo pigment without affecting the surrounding tissue. The alternatives to laser treatment are, either to physically remove the pigment and the surrounding skin by surgical excision, or chemically destroy the pigment. In either case the surrounding skin is damaged and will require significant aftercare. Significant scarring would be an expected outcome of non-laser removal methods.

How is the Q -switched Ruby Laser different to other lasers used for tattoo removal?

The Ruby laser produces extremely short pulses of high-energy, red light. This light is absorbed strongly by particles of tattoo pigment but not by the surrounding skin. The tattoo pigment particles heat up and break down into smaller particles; these minute particles are targeted by the body’s own immune system and removed. Because the energy is selectively absorbed by the tattoo pigment, surrounding tissues are not usually affected and there is usually no lasting damage to the skin.

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